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Wednesday, December 5, 2012

Pygmy Marmoset (Monyet Saku)




Pygmy Marmoset is one of monkey species at the rain forest of western Brazil, Colombia, East, Eastern Ecuador, and Peru East. Scientific name Callithrix (Cebuella) pygmaea. Pygmy Marmoset is the smallest monkey, with its body length is 14 -16 cm (excluding the 15-20 cm tail length), and also one of the smallest primates in the world. Male monkey around 140 grams (5 ounces) in weight, while the female weighs only about 120 g (4.2 oz). Despite its name, Pygmy Marmoset is somewhat different from the typical marmoset marmoset, genus Callithrix in. Therefore, it is classified in its own sub-genus was recognized as Cebuella. There are 2 sub species Pygmy Marmoset Callithrix (Cebuella) pygmaea pygmaea and Callithrix (Cebuella) pygmaea niveiventris

Pygmy Marmoset has a yellow feather light brown, and the tail along the toroidal body. Specially adapted claws for climbing trees, a feature that is unique to this species. Pygmy Marmoset is omnivorous  eating fruits, leaves, insects, and sometimes even small reptiles. However, most of their diet consists of tree sap. Up to two-thirds of the time spent to pierce the bark of trees in order to obtain a sticky sap. It has a very  specialized incisors for this activity. Due to the small size and agile and fast movements, Pygmy Marmoset is not easily seen in the wild areas. In captivity, these monkeys can live up to 11 years.

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