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Wednesday, October 17, 2012

Eurycoma longifolia (Tongkat Ali)



Eurycoma longifolia (commonly called tongkat ali or pasak bumi) is a flowering plant in the family Simaroubaceae, native to IndonesiaMalaysia, and, to a lesser extent, Thailand,Vietnam, and Laos. It is also known under the names penawar pahitpenawar biasbedara merahbedara putihlempedu pahitpayong alitongkat baginda,  muntah bumi,petala bumi (all the above Malay); bidara laut (Indonesian); babi kurus (Javanese); cây bá bệnh (Vietnamese) and tho nan (Laotian). Many of the common names refer to the plant's medicinal use and extreme bitterness. "Penawar pahit" translates simply as "bitter charm" or "bitter medicine". Older literature, such as a 1953 article in the Journal of Ecology, may cite only "penawar pahit" as the plant's common Malay name.

Tongkat ali is known for having an aphrodisiac effect (sex booster). Traditionally, Tongkat Ali is used to treat a number of diseases and improve health including headaches, ringworm, dysentery, inflammation, antitumor, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. Eurikomanone, eurikomalaktone and eurikomanol (quassinoids) are abundant in roots is an important industrial chemical. Research indicates that chemicals (phytochemicals) found in tongkat ali can increase testosterone levels a hormone needed for male sexual function.


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